دانلود رایگان مجموعه مقالات علمی اشپرینگر در زمینه منطق فازی — بخش ششم

منطق فازی (Fuzzy Logic) اولین بار در پی تنظیم نظریه مجموعه‌های فازی به وسیله پروفسور لطفی زاده (۱۹۶۵ میلادی) در صحنه محاسبات نو ظاهر شد. در واقع منطق فازی از منطق ارزش‌های «صفر و یک» نرم‌افزارهای کلاسیک فراتر رفته و درگاهی جدید برای دنیای علوم نرم‌افزاری و رایانه‌ها می‌گشاید، زیرا فضای شناور و نامحدود بین اعداد صفر و یک را نیز در منطق و استدلال‌های خود به کار می‌گیرد. در ادامه مقالات علمی انتشارات بین المللی اشپرینگر (Springer) در زمینه منطق فازی (Fuzzy Logic) برای دانلود آمده است. می توانید برای دانلود هر یک از مقالات از سرور دانلود متلب سایت، بر روی لینک دانلود هر یک از آن ها، کلیک کنید.

این نوشته حاوی بخشی از مجموعه کامل مقالات است. برای دریافت سایر بخش ها، به لینک زیر مراجعه نمایید:

دانلود رایگان مجموعه مقالات علمی اشپرینگر در زمینه منطق فازی — فهرست اصلی

عنوان اصلی مقاله Recommendations for the quantitative analysis of landslide risk
نوع مقاله مقاله ژورنال
نویسندگان J. Corominas, C. van Westen, P. Frattini, L. Cascini, J.-P. Malet, S. Fotopoulou, F. Catani, M. Van Den Eeckhaut, O. Mavrouli, F. Agliardi, K. Pitilakis, M. G. Winter, M. Pastor, S. Ferlisi, V. Tofani, J. Hervás, J. T. Smith
چکیده / توضیح This paper presents recommended methodologies for the quantitative analysis of landslide hazard, vulnerability and risk at different spatial scales (site-specific, local, regional and national), as well as for the verification and validation of the results. The methodologies described focus on the evaluation of the probabilities of occurrence of different landslide types with certain characteristics. Methods used to determine the spatial distribution of landslide intensity, the characterisation of the elements at risk, the assessment of the potential degree of damage and the quantification of the vulnerability of the elements at risk, and those used to perform the quantitative risk analysis are also described. The paper is intended for use by scientists and practising engineers, geologists and other landslide experts.
لینک های پیشنهادی
لینک دانلود مقاله (برای دانلود کلیک کنید)

عنوان اصلی مقاله Ecosystem services and hydroelectricity in Central America: modelling service flows with fuzzy logic and expert knowledge
نوع مقاله مقاله ژورنال
نویسندگان Bruno Locatelli, Pablo Imbach, Raffaele Vignola, Marc J. Metzger, Efraín José Leguía Hidalgo
چکیده / توضیح Because ecosystem services are generally not produced and used in the same place, their assessment should consider the flows of services from ecosystems to users. These flows depend on the characteristics and spatial distribution of ecosystems and users, the spatial relationships between them, and the presence of filters or barriers between ecosystems and users. The objective of this paper is to map the ecosystem services provided to the Costa Rican and Nicaraguan hydroelectric sectors, which are crucial sectors for national sustainable development and depend directly on hydrological ecosystem services. The paper presents an approach for modelling the flows of multiple services from diverse ecosystems to diverse users through different kinds of filters in a landscape. The approach uses expert knowledge and fuzzy numbers to handle uncertainties. The analyses for Costa Rica and Nicaragua show how the approach helps identify priority areas for the conservation and restoration of forests for the services they provide to the hydroelectric sector. As such, it is a useful tool for defining spatially targeted policies for the conservation of ecosystem services and for involving the users of ecosystem services in ecosystem management.
لینک های پیشنهادی
لینک دانلود مقاله (برای دانلود کلیک کنید)

عنوان اصلی مقاله Fuzzy control for the process of heat removal during the composting of agricultural waste
نوع مقاله مقاله ژورنال
نویسندگان Maciej Neugebauer, Piotr Sołowiej, Janusz Piechocki
چکیده / توضیح This paper shows the concept and preliminary test of the composting process control with fuzzy logic. The temperature in the compost heap during the process is greater than 80 °C. Because wastes of agricultural origin do not require hygienization, part of the heat can by retrieved, which lowers the temperature in the heap to 55 °C (this is also the optimum temperature for the composting process). The heat retrieved from a compost heap can be used in another place. Therefore, a composting system was developed in which the aeration rate and heat removal rate can be adjusted. There are two goals of this system: maximising the amount of the heat retrieved from the heap and minimising the duration of the composting process. In the preliminary experiments freshly mown grass with 50 % cabbage was used as the compost material. The results show that the fuzzy logic control system functions correctly with respect to calculations. During the study, a median 90 MJ of heat was produced by the bioreactor; the thermophilic phase was shortened to 12 days. There was also a reduction in the emission of ammonia.
لینک های پیشنهادی
لینک دانلود مقاله (برای دانلود کلیک کنید)

عنوان اصلی مقاله A maritime decision support system to assess risk in the presence of environmental uncertainties: the REP10 experiment
نوع مقاله مقاله ژورنال
نویسندگان Raffaele Grasso, Marco Cococcioni, Baptiste Mourre, Jacopo Chiggiato, Michel Rixen
چکیده / توضیح The aim of this work is to report on an activity carried out during the 2010 Recognized Environmental Picture experiment, held in the Ligurian Sea during summer 2010. The activity was the first at-sea test of the recently developed decision support system (DSS) for operation planning, which had previously been tested in an artificial experiment. The DSS assesses the impact of both environmental conditions (meteorological and oceanographic) and non-environmental conditions (such as traffic density maps) on people and assets involved in the operation and helps in deciding a course of action that allows safer operation. More precisely, the environmental variables (such as wind speed, current speed and significant wave height) taken as input by the DSS are the ones forecasted by a super-ensemble model, which fuses the forecasts provided by multiple forecasting centres. The uncertainties associated with the DSS’s inputs (generally due to disagreement between forecasts) are propagated through the DSS’s output by using the unscented transform. In this way, the system is not only able to provide a traffic light map (run/not run the operation), but also to specify the confidence level associated with each action. This feature was tested on a particular type of operation with underwater gliders: the glider surfacing for data transmission. It is also shown how the availability of a glider path prediction tool provides surfacing options along the predicted path. The applicability to different operations is demonstrated by applying the same system to support diver operations.
لینک های پیشنهادی
لینک دانلود مقاله (برای دانلود کلیک کنید)

عنوان اصلی مقاله Integration of rainfall thresholds and susceptibility maps in the Emilia Romagna (Italy) regional-scale landslide warning system
نوع مقاله مقاله ژورنال
نویسندگان Samuele Segoni, Daniela Lagomarsino, Riccardo Fanti, Sandro Moretti, Nicola Casagli
چکیده / توضیح Regional-scale forecasting of landslides is not a straightforward task. In this work, the spatiotemporal forecasting capability of a regional-scale landslide warning system was enhanced by integrating two different approaches. The temporal forecasting (i.e. when a landslide will occur) was accomplished by means of a system of statistical rainfall thresholds, while the spatial forecasting (i.e. where a landslide should be expected) was assessed using a susceptibility map. The test site was the Emilia Romagna region (Italy): the rainfall thresholds used were based on the rainfall amount accumulated over variable time windows, while the methodology used for the susceptibility mapping was the Bayesian tree random forest in the tree-bagger implementation. The coupling of these two methodologies allowed setting up a procedure that can assist the civil protection agencies during the alert phases to better define the areas that could be affected by landslides. A similar approach could be easily adjusted to other cases of study. A validation test was performed through a back analysis of the 2004–2010 records: the proposed approach would have led to define a more accurate location for 83 % of the landslides correctly forecasted by the regional warning system based on rainfall thresholds. This outcome provides a contribution to overcome the largely known drawback of regional warning systems based on rainfall thresholds, which presently can be used only to raise generic warnings relative to the whole area of application.
لینک های پیشنهادی
لینک دانلود مقاله (برای دانلود کلیک کنید)

عنوان اصلی مقاله Landslide susceptibility mapping using multi-criteria evaluation techniques in Chittagong Metropolitan Area, Bangladesh
نوع مقاله مقاله ژورنال
نویسندگان Bayes Ahmed
چکیده / توضیح Landslides are a common hazard in the highly urbanized hilly areas in Chittagong Metropolitan Area (CMA), Bangladesh. The main cause of the landslides is torrential rain in short period of time. This area experiences several landslides each year, resulting in casualties, property damage, and economic loss. Therefore, the primary objective of this research is to produce the Landslide Susceptibility Maps for CMA so that appropriate landslide disaster risk reduction strategies can be developed. In this research, three different Geographic Information System-based Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis methods—the Artificial Hierarchy Process (AHP), Weighted Linear Combination (WLC), and Ordered Weighted Average (OWA)—were applied to scientifically assess the landslide susceptible areas in CMA. Nine different thematic layers or landslide causative factors were considered. Then, seven different landslide susceptible scenarios were generated based on the three weighted overlay techniques. Later, the performances of the methods were validated using the area under the relative operating characteristic curves. The accuracies of the landslide susceptibility maps produced by the AHP, WLC_1, WLC_2, WLC_3, OWA_1, OWA_2, and OWA_3 methods were found as 89.80, 83.90, 91.10, 88.50, 90.40, 95.10, and 87.10 %, respectively. The verification results showed satisfactory agreement between the susceptibility maps produced and the existing data on the 20 historical landslide locations.
لینک های پیشنهادی
لینک دانلود مقاله (برای دانلود کلیک کنید)

عنوان اصلی مقاله Challenges and opportunities for integrating lake ecosystem modelling approaches
نوع مقاله مقاله ژورنال
نویسندگان Wolf M. Mooij, Dennis Trolle, Erik Jeppesen, George Arhonditsis, Pavel V. Belolipetsky, Deonatus B. R. Chitamwebwa, Andrey G. Degermendzhy, Donald L. DeAngelis, Lisette N. De Senerpont Domis, Andrea S. Downing, J. Alex Elliott, Carlos Ruberto Fragoso Jr., Ursula Gaedke, Svetlana N. Genova, Ramesh D. Gulati, Lars Håkanson, David P. Hamilton, Matthew R. Hipsey, Jochem ‘t Hoen, Stephan Hülsmann, F. Hans Los, Vardit Makler-Pick, Thomas Petzoldt, Igor G. Prokopkin, Karsten Rinke, Sebastiaan A. Schep, Koji Tominaga, Anne A. Van Dam, Egbert H. Van Nes, Scott A. Wells, Jan H. Janse
چکیده / توضیح A large number and wide variety of lake ecosystem models have been developed and published during the past four decades. We identify two challenges for making further progress in this field. One such challenge is to avoid developing more models largely following the concept of others (‘reinventing the wheel’). The other challenge is to avoid focusing on only one type of model, while ignoring new and diverse approaches that have become available (‘having tunnel vision’). In this paper, we aim at improving the awareness of existing models and knowledge of concurrent approaches in lake ecosystem modelling, without covering all possible model tools and avenues. First, we present a broad variety of modelling approaches. To illustrate these approaches, we give brief descriptions of rather arbitrarily selected sets of specific models. We deal with static models (steady state and regression models), complex dynamic models (CAEDYM, CE-QUAL-W2, Delft 3D-ECO, LakeMab, LakeWeb, MyLake, PCLake, PROTECH, SALMO), structurally dynamic models and minimal dynamic models. We also discuss a group of approaches that could all be classified as individual based: super-individual models (Piscator, Charisma), physiologically structured models, stage-structured models and trait-based models. We briefly mention genetic algorithms, neural networks, Kalman filters and fuzzy logic. Thereafter, we zoom in, as an in-depth example, on the multi-decadal development and application of the lake ecosystem model PCLake and related models (PCLake Metamodel, Lake Shira Model, IPH-TRIM3D-PCLake). In the discussion, we argue that while the historical development of each approach and model is understandable given its ‘leading principle’, there are many opportunities for combining approaches. We take the point of view that a single ‘right’ approach does not exist and should not be strived for. Instead, multiple modelling approaches, applied concurrently to a given problem, can help develop an integrative view on the functioning of lake ecosystems. We end with a set of specific recommendations that may be of help in the further development of lake ecosystem models.
لینک های پیشنهادی
لینک دانلود مقاله (برای دانلود کلیک کنید)

عنوان اصلی مقاله Probabilistic neural network training procedure based on Q(0)-learning algorithm in medical data classification
نوع مقاله مقاله ژورنال
نویسندگان Maciej Kusy, Roman Zajdel
چکیده / توضیح In this article, an iterative procedure is proposed for the training process of the probabilistic neural network (PNN). In each stage of this procedure, the Q(0)-learning algorithm is utilized for the adaptation of PNN smoothing parameter (σ). Four classes of PNN models are regarded in this study. In the case of the first, simplest model, the smoothing parameter takes the form of a scalar; for the second model, σ is a vector whose elements are computed with respect to the class index; the third considered model has the smoothing parameter vector for which all components are determined depending on each input attribute; finally, the last and the most complex of the analyzed networks, uses the matrix of smoothing parameters where each element is dependent on both class and input feature index. The main idea of the presented approach is based on the appropriate update of the smoothing parameter values according to the Q(0)-learning algorithm. The proposed procedure is verified on six repository data sets. The prediction ability of the algorithm is assessed by computing the test accuracy on 10 %, 20 %, 30 %, and 40 % of examples drawn randomly from each input data set. The results are compared with the test accuracy obtained by PNN trained using the conjugate gradient procedure, support vector machine algorithm, gene expression programming classifier, k–Means method, multilayer perceptron, radial basis function neural network and learning vector quantization neural network. It is shown that the presented procedure can be applied to the automatic adaptation of the smoothing parameter of each of the considered PNN models and that this is an alternative training method. PNN trained by the Q(0)-learning based approach constitutes a classifier which can be treated as one of the top models in data classification problems.
لینک های پیشنهادی
لینک دانلود مقاله (برای دانلود کلیک کنید)

عنوان اصلی مقاله Grasp quality measures: review and performance
نوع مقاله مقاله ژورنال
نویسندگان Máximo A. Roa, Raúl Suárez
چکیده / توضیح The correct grasp of objects is a key aspect for the right fulfillment of a given task. Obtaining a good grasp requires algorithms to automatically determine proper contact points on the object as well as proper hand configurations, especially when dexterous manipulation is desired, and the quantification of a good grasp requires the definition of suitable grasp quality measures. This article reviews the quality measures proposed in the literature to evaluate grasp quality. The quality measures are classified into two groups according to the main aspect they evaluate: location of contact points on the object and hand configuration. The approaches that combine different measures from the two previous groups to obtain a global quality measure are also reviewed, as well as some measures related to human hand studies and grasp performance. Several examples are presented to illustrate and compare the performance of the reviewed measures.
لینک های پیشنهادی
لینک دانلود مقاله (برای دانلود کلیک کنید)

عنوان اصلی مقاله LOG-IDEAH: LOGic trees for identification of damage due to earthquakes for architectural heritage
نوع مقاله مقاله ژورنال
نویسندگان V. I. Novelli, D. D’Ayala
چکیده / توضیح In the framework of PERPETUATE, LOG-IDEAH: “LOGic trees for Identification of Damage due to Earthquakes for Architectural Heritage” has been developed as a post-earthquake assessment tool for the evaluation of the global seismic performance of architectural assets (AAs). LOG-IDEAH is an expert system which interprets the seismic damage collected on site by relying on the knowledge of engineers and architects in seismic vulnerability assessment. The present expert system has been set up on logic trees, implemented in answer set programming to encode the recognition process that surveyors proceed to investigate the causes of damage and to evaluate the failures occurring on an AA. LOG-IDEAH, available at (http://perpetuate.cs.bath.ac.uk/), allows sketching AAs, recording the state of damage, uploading GPS referenced images and comparing collapse mechanisms observed on site with collapse mechanisms identified by the system. The seismic damage, which is the minimum data required by LOG-IDEAH, is collected at the level of both structural elements and artistic assets (local level) and interpreted at the level of the AA (global level). The answer set programming applied for the construction of the machine-processable representation, once the input data has been recorded into the web-interface, provides all possible failure modes and related possibilities of occurrence by taking into consideration the reliability level of the collected data. Its capability has been validated by applying LOG-IDEAH to the historic centre of L’Aquila of the 2009 earthquake by pointing out that answer set programming is a valid alternative approach to the existing methods developed to identify the seismic performance of masonry AAs.
لینک های پیشنهادی
لینک دانلود مقاله (برای دانلود کلیک کنید)

مطالب پیشنهادی‎


0 پاسخ

ارسال یک پاسخ

در گفتگو ها شرکت کنید.

پاسخ دهید

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *