|چکیده / توضیح
||The present study was carried out to evaluate the groundwater quality and its suitability for drinking purposes in the urban coastal aquifers of part of south Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Twenty-three groundwater samples were collected during March 2012. The minimum and maximum values of pH (6.3–8 on scale), electrical conductivity (620–12,150 μS/cm), total dissolved solids (399.28–7,824.6 mg/l), carbonate (0–30 mg/l), bicarbonate (0.9–58.9 mg/l), chloride (70.9–4,067.89 mg/l), sulphate (17.4–105 mg/l), nitrate (0.4–6.0 mg/l), calcium (30–200 mg/l), magnesium (1.2–164 mg/l), sodium (69–1,490 mg/l) and potassium (8–340 mg/l) were recorded in the coastal aquifers of Chennai city. The groundwater samples show that the majority of the sampling points clustered on the NaCl and mixed CaMgCl facies of the piper trilinear diagram. In the Gibbs diagram, the majority of the sampling points fall under rock water and evaporation dominance field. Fuzzy membership classification suggests that the majority of the samples fall under good water type followed by excellent water and poor water categories. Groundwater quality index showing the majority of the samples falls under excellent to poor category of water. A positive correlation was observed with Cl−, SO4 2−, Ca2+, Na+, K+, EC and TDS. The extracted results of the correlation matrix and geochemical analysis suggest that the dominant ions of groundwater (Na+, Ca2+, K+, Cl− and SO4 2−) were derived from seawater intrusion and gypsum dissolution process. Nitrate concentration is most significantly derived from anthropogenic sources.